Fast Facts - National Heroes
Nanny of the Maroons
Nanny of the Maroons is the only female National heroine in Jamaica.
She is remembered for the inspiration she gave to her people in fighting the English Oppressors in the early 18th Century.
Nanny was a leader of her village, Nanny Town in the parish of Portland, Jamaica. According to Beverley Carey -
"The Maroon Story", Nanny died sometime between 1758 - 1762.
Legend has it that she possesses super human power.
Samuel "Sam" Sharp
Samuel Sharp also called 'Daddy' Sharpe, was a Deacon at the Burchell Baptist Church in Montego Bay.
He spent most of his time travelling to different estates in St. James educating the slaves about Christianity and of freedom.
Sharpe had formed a Secret Society among the slaves and many of his meetings were held at night.
In 1831 he led the Christmas Rebellion which started at Kensington Estate in St. James and then spread throughout the western end of the island.
Paul Bogle was a Deacon of the Native Baptist Church in Stony Gut, St. Thomas, Jamaica.
His belief in the teachings of the Bible inspired him to become involved in the peoples' struggle for justice.
Paul Bogle spent much of his time educating and training the members of his congregation, and is credited with initiating the so-called Morant Bay Rebellion in 1865.
Edward Eyre, the then Governor of Jamaica, offered a £2,000 reward for the capture of Paul Bogle for his alleged role in the unrest at Morant Bay.
George William Gordon (1820-1865)
TGeorge William Gordon, the son of a planter and one of his female slaves was born at Cherry Garden Estate in
St. Andrew. Gordon was self-educated and became a successful landowner and businessman. He was one of the original founding members of the Jamaica Mutual Life Society, an insurance company. Gordon was an exceptional "free coloured"; he championed the cause of poor blacks. As a member of the Jamaica Assembly, his defense of the social and moral rights of the oppressed made him an enemy of the Colonial establishment, particularly Governor John Eyre.
In 1865 when the so-called Morant Bay Rebellion broke out, Gordon was arrested for conspiracy, probably because he was a member of the same Baptist Sect that Paul Bogle belonged to. Gordon had actually ordained Bogle as a Deacon in the Baptist Church. When Gordon was arrested, the Government could find no evidence to support his arrest.
Born in 1887 in the parish of St. Ann, Marcus Garvey was famous worldwide as a leader. His call was for the improvement of black people.
In 1914 he founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) which grew into an international organization that still exists in Jamaica, the United States, and a number of other countries.
Marcus Garvey was a Black Nationalist and politician, and though he never won a seat in the Jamaica Legislature (1920s), he never faltered as a spokes person for the poor and oppressed.
Norman Washington Manley
Norman Washington Manley, founder of the People's National Party, was born in 1893 in Roxborough, Manchester. He was a brilliant scholar, athlete, lawyer and politician.
He, along with Alexander Bustamante, played a great role in advocating for full Universal Adult Suffrage in 1944.
In 1955, he was elected Chief Minister of Jamaica.
Alexander Bustamante founded the Bustamante Industrial Trade Union (BITU) in 1938 and was also founder of the Jamaica Labour Party (JLP).
He became Jamaica's first Prime Minister in 1962 and died in 1977.
The house in which he was born in Blenheim, Hanover is now a National Monument.