The Jamaican Government
Jamaica is a member-state of the COMMONWEALTH OF NATIONS and is governed by PARLIAMENTARY DEMOCRACY. The official or constitutional Head of State is the GOVERNOR GENERAL, who is appointed by the monarch of Britain based on recommendation from the Prime Minister. The PRIME MINISTER of Jamaica is the leader of the elected majority party in the House of Representatives. There are, at present, three major political parties in Jamaica: the PEOPLE'S NATIONAL PARTY (PNP), the JAMAICA LABOUR PARTY (JLP), and the NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC MOVEMENT (NDM). There are also a number of independent candidates who have contested the general elections. JAMAICA GAINED ITS INDEPENDENCE FROM BRITAIN IN 1962.
The Commonwealth of Nations formerly described as the British Commonwealth or British Empire, is the name given collectively to all those territories which give allegiance to the British Crown or acknowledge the British Monarch as the symbol of their free association and as such the head of the Commonwealth.
A parliamentary government is majority rule, equal rights for members to participate in the proceedings, protection of the right of the minority to be heard, and the orderly consideration of matters brought before the legislature.
A democracy is a political system institutionalized under the rule of law. There is an independent civil society whose individuals join together voluntarily into groups with self-designated purposes to collaborate with each other through mechanisms of a system of representative government. [The government of the whole people by the whole people, equally represented]
- 1957 – 1962: Sir Kenneth Blackburne (Governor)
- 1962 (Aug. - Nov.): Sir Kenneth Blackburne
- Dec 1962 – 1973: The Most Hon. Sir Clifford Campbell
- Jan 1973 – 1991: The Most Hon. Sir Florizel Glasspole
- Aug. 1991 -2006: The Most Hon. Sir Howard Cooke
- Feb. 2006 – 2009: The Most Hon. Professor Kenneth Hall
- Feb. 2009-Incumbent: His Excellency The Most Hon. Sir Patrick Allen
Sir Clifford Campbell was Jamaica's first native Governor-General. In 1973 a special decoration was created - the Order of the Nation to be given to those who serve the nation as its Governor-General. It carries the salutation 'Most Honourable'. The honour was created when the Government decided that the Governor-General should no longer accept personal knighthood or any knighthoods from the Queen of England.
However, in 1981 the subsequent Government reverted to the original 1969 decision that only the Governor-General who represents the Queen should be exempt from the ban on knighthood.
|• 1962 -1967: The Rt. Excellent. Sir Alexander Bustamante||JLP|
|• 1967 (February - April): The Most Hon. Donald Sangster||JLP|
|• 1967 – 1972: The Most Hon. Hugh Shearer||JLP|
|• 1972 – 1980: The Most Hon. Michael Manley||PNP|
|• 1980 – 1989: The Most Hon. Edward Seaga||JLP|
|• 1989 – 1992: The Most Hon. Michael Manley||PNP|
|• 1992 - 2006: The Most Hon. Percival James Patterson||PNP|
|• 2006 –2007: The Most Hon. Portia Simpson Miller||PNP|
|• 2007 -2011 : The Hon. Bruce Golding||JLP|
|• 2011 -2012(Oct 23 –Dec 28): The Hon. Andrew Holness||JLP|
|• 2012 (Jan 5) Incumbent: The Most Hon. Portia Simpson Miller||PNP|